Many people believe that periodontal disease is no big deal and that it's nothing to be concerned about. The truth is, if you don't treat it, it can progress and ultimately damage the roots of your teeth. As periodontal disease progresses, it can actually detach your gums from your teeth, which can expose the roots of your teeth and your jaw bone. To determine the severity of the condition, your dentist will evaluate how much space there is between your teeth and your gums. If your dentist has told you that you have periodontal disease, here's what you need to know about your treatments.
If periodontal disease is caught in its early stages, there are some options available to you. Here are a few things your dentist may recommend:
1. Changes in Your Lifestyle: If you smoke, your dentist will likely suggest that you quit. This helps to ease the risk of damage on your teeth, their roots and your gums. He or she may also suggest that you use a special mouth rinse every day to help your gums heal.
2. Professional Dental Cleaning: Along with the adjustments that your dentist recommends, you'll also need to plan for a deep cleaning appointment with your dentist. The deep cleaning is more detailed than a traditional dental cleaning, and it usually includes a tartar scrape to remove built up plaque on your teeth. This is important, as you need to eliminate any residual bacteria that could cause your condition to progress. You may find that your gums are sore for a little while after this cleaning, especially if they are already a little bit sensitive.
If your periodontal disease has progressed into a more severe stage, you're probably going to need a more extensive treatment plan. For example, your dentist may suggest that you visit a cosmetic surgeon to repair your gum line. This will help to protect the base of your teeth.
Another procedure your dentist might suggest is called pocket reduction. It involves tightening your gums up so that they touch the base of your teeth. This prevents bacteria growth in between your gums and your teeth. You may need to have a bone graft done if you've lost bone due to the progression as well. If it has caused you to lose any teeth, you can prevent jaw line changes by having a dental implant put in.